Choosing Woods

Kitchen cabinets and built-ins can be a major investment for many homeowners, so it’s important to choose the best materials and techniques when making or buying these cabinets. We’ll help you select wood that’s attractive in terms of color and grain pattern, but is also durable and long lasting.

Oak is the most common wood used for solid wood cabinets. Because of the strong “flower” grain in the wood, oak often looks best in country settings. You can stain it almost any color, and since the graining is so strong, the grain will always come through the stain. To offset the reddish coloring, use either white oak, which is lighter in its natural coloring, or, if you prefer red oak, go “browner” in the stain selection. A cherry stain enriches the color of red oak.

  • Cherry, used primarily in formal cabinets with raised panels, either French or English style, is an ele­gant wood with a natural reddish coloring that is much deeper than oak.
  • Rift oak is a veneer much sought after by architects and designers. The oak flower is cut away, leaving the vertical grain. White oak is used for rift selection, so that it becomes very light when stained. This type of oak would generally be used in flush overlay con­struction, in which no frames would be visible.
  • Hickory, another wood used in country settings, is a strong brown wood with natural markings.
  • Birch has a very white, natural coloring. It takes a stain well and is often used in contemporary cabinets as well as in raised and recessed panel doors.
  • Ash is the whitest wood and often employed in cab­inet interiors. It has very little graining or flower and takes a stain well in addition to easily accepting enamel or lacquer paint.
  • Pine, which has a yellowish cast, takes distressing and antiquing beautifully, one reason it is so often used in English, French, and American country set­tings. Its drawback is that it is a soft wood and can be nicked easily.
  • Maple is a hard wood that some manufacturers use primarily as a base for enamel or stains. It has little graining and tends to appear yellow.

More exotic woods, such as wormy chestnut, which is highly distressed, and cypress, which has a yellow cast, are primarily available regionally and are not offered by most kitchen cabinet manufacturers. Those who know best about how to work with these woods are specialty wood workers like Emerald Woodworks.

In choosing wood for your cabinets and built-ins, Emerald Woodworks can help you select the perfect wood for the project.

(Adapted from Selecting Wood Cabinets by the National Kitchen and Bath Association)